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Effects of magnetotherapy

The action of pulsed magnetotherapy is divided into several basic effects. These effects of magnetotherapy are crucial to the effectiveness of the therapy. Read a detailed description of these effects on the human body.

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Pain-relieving effect

Proudy v nervových vláknech
Currents in nerve fibres

Pulsed magnetotherapy, thanks to electromagnetic induction, conditions the formation of current in nerve fibres. This induced current causes blocking of the passage of painful sensations from the site of pain through the spinal cord to the brain centres. As a result of this and some other mechanisms, pain suppression occurs. These additional mechanisms include increased endorphin production, suppression of inflammation and swelling. In addition, the myorelaxation mechanism, or the release of muscle tone (tension), is also applied.

Increased endorphin release and regulation of calcium ion transport across the cell membrane also contribute to vasodilation, analgesic effect and calming.

Increased lactate dehydrogenase activity in the exposed muscle was demonstrated after pulsed magnetotherapy applications. Lactate dehydrogenase conditions the breakdown of lactic acid, which provokes nerve receptors and causes pain.

Healing effect

Membrána lidské buňky
Human cell membrane

The healing and regenerative effect of pulsed magnet therapy on bone and soft tissue is explained by non-specific irritation of the cytoplasmic (cell) membrane. On this membrane, a metabolic chain is activated, the key point of which is a change in the ratio of cAMP and cGMP, i.e. a change in the ratio between cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate.

In the case of the regenerative effect in bone, the applications lead to an increase in osteoclasts and a subsequent start of the bone tissue regeneration process. Pulsed magnet therapy significantly accelerates healing, activates the formation of new tissue, calcification and leads to an increase in sensitivity to parathyroid hormone, which, among other things, helps to control the level of calcium in the body.

Better blood supply to the tissue and greater oxygen saturation helps to reduce inflammation in all tissues more quickly and potentiates the effect of any antibiotic treatment.

The healing of damaged peripheral nerves is also significantly accelerated and the regeneration of neurofibrils (fibres in neurons) and the growth of central axons (fibres coming out of cells) is accelerated.

Anti-flow effect

Porucha krevního průtoku
Blood flow disorder

Edema is caused by a disturbance of blood circulation at the level of blood capillaries with subsequent accumulation of fluid between cells.

The application of pulsed magnetotherapy aims to counteract the main causes of swelling, i.e. increased blood pressure in the fibrous tissue (the smallest blood vessels in the body), disorders of fluid outflow from the tissue and also a possible increase in the permeability of the fibrous tissue walls.

An important role in the anti-shock effect of pulsed magnet therapy is played by improved perfusion, i.e. better flow through the tissues.

Acceleration of metabol ism after the application of pulsed magnetotherapy allows faster absorption of swelling and at the same time there is a significant anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect in the area.

Myorelaxation effect

Muscle structure

Pulsed magnet therapy accelerates the flushing of acid metabolites that cause painful irritation in muscles and chronic inflammation.

The washout of these metabolites is due to improved perfusion (flow through the tissues) and increased lactate dehydrogenase activity, which conditions the breakdown of lactic acid.

The application of pulsed magnetotherapy significantly reduces muscle spasm (cramps). Furthermore, the therapy reduces radicular (root) irritation, which often causes tingling and throbbing or burning pain.

By suppressing pain, pulsed magnetotherapy modifies the reflex changes of the body. By adjusting these reflexes, the body relaxes muscle spasms or contractures and spasms. This relaxation results in further pain relief.

The application of pulsed magnet therapy therefore leads to relaxation of the skeletal muscles and improved mobility. This improvement in momentum will allow further extension of the therapy, for example in similarly easier rehabilitation exercises.

Vasodilator effect

Cirkulace krevních erytrocytů
Circulation of blood erythrocytes

Pulsed magnet therapy with appropriately set parameters counteracts the so-called foaming or clumping of erythrocytes that carry oxygen in the blood. The resultant effect is a re-dispersion of individual erythrocytes, thereby increasing the area capable of binding oxygen. Blood that has undergone a suitable pulsed magnetic field is thus able to oxygenate and carry oxygen to the tissues.

During pulsed magnetotherapy , parasympathetic activation and reflux of Ca2+ ions occur, which leads to relaxation of the musculature of blood vessels (especially the pre-capillary sphincters) and subsequent vasodilation.

The application of a low-frequency pulsed magnetic field affects the polarization of red blood cells with a positive charge. The polarization of blood cells affects the muscle tone of fine blood vessels, arteries and hair cells (capillaries). This leads to the widening of this bloodstream (vasodilation and improved microcirculation) and thus to a better supply of oxygenated blood and nutrients to the tissues. Improved microcirculation also contributes to faster removal of toxic substances and metabolites from the tissues.

Pulsed magnet therapy also significantly increases the partial pressure of oxygen and affects the plasticity or elasticity of blood cells. The more flexible blood cells can then pass more easily through the bloodstream. In addition, with long-term application of this method, neovascularisation, i.e. faster formation of new blood vessels, also occurs.

The application of pulsed magnetic fields also reduces the risk of blood clots (thrombi).

Metabolic - detoxifying effect

Struktura lidské buňky
Structure of the human cell

Pulsed magnetotherapy penetrates the human tissue evenly and can thus act, as one of the few methods, also at the site of internal inflammation.

Where pulsed magnetotherapy is applied, it acts on each cell and induces weak electric currents in it. Due to this induction of electric currents, changes in cell surface potentials occur. The basis of any detoxification process is precisely a better supply of nutrients and better removal of metabolic wastes from the tissues.

The main detoxifying organ in the body is the liver, and therefore it is recommended to focus on it during pulsed magnetotherapy applications. Adequate hydration also supports the liver’s function, and fluids that have undergone so-called magnetisation can be used for this purpose. It is a process whereby the pulsed magnetotherapy applied to water changes the structure of the water. This water has, among other things, a better ability to bind oxygen molecules and is softer, thus better dissolving and removing waste substances and other metabolites.