Fractures

Do you feel pain in the area of injury? Does the pain grow with every attempt to move? Is there swelling or bruising?  It may be a fracture. You should see a physician as soon as you can. If that is not possible, the fractured area must be immobilised until you see one.

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Fractures - description, treatment and recommendations
Picture Fractures

Characteristics of Fractures and its Causes

Fracture means that integrity of the bone is disrupted.

The most common cause is injury, vehicular accident, fall, etc.

There are also stress fractures, which are caused by repeated microtrauma – overuse or pathological changes, which are a result osteoporosis.

How to distinguish fracture?

Pain is the most telling symptom. Swelling and bruising in the area of the fracture are other symptoms. Deformity of the limb and in the area of the fracture may occur. It is not possible to move in the normal manner.

Fractures can be distinguished into two types depending on the damage to the dermis – open fracture (accompanied by external bleeding) and closed fracture (with no damage to the dermis).

Damage to the nerves and subsequent paralysis is a risk. Damage to vessels may lead to bleeding which leads to shock. Infection in case of open fracture is another possible complication.

Healing has its own complications, such as pseudoarthrosis (false joint), when fragments of bones do not union and permanently move.

Fracture Treatment – Rid yourself of the Issue

First aid with fractures is in stopping bleeding in cases where vessels are damaged. Then the affected area must be immobilised and the patient is transported to a hospital.

Treatment consists of fracture setting, then immobilisation of the body part, followed by exercise until full mobility is achieved. In some cases, surgical intervention is required. Immobilisation can be achieved through plaster cast, plastic cast and braces.

Rehabilitation is an indivisible part of treatment and significantly contributes to the success rate of the treatment.

  • Comminuted fracture – a fracture where the bone splits into several pieces, it is more difficult to treat.
  • Impressive fracture – a fracture, which is caused by pressure on a small area pointing inwards (e.g. skull fractures).
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