Appropriate support for forearm fracture healing was the subject of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial (Cheing et al., 2005) published in the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. The research team tried to determine the most effective treatment for icing and pulsed magnet therapy with the help of matched control groups.
Fractures of the distal part of the radius are a frequent consequence of a bad impact on the hands. The goal of the treatment plan is not only to achieve a properly fused bone, but also to support the maintenance of maximum function with minimal subsequent complications. Related to this is the treatment of pain and swelling that occurs in most patients after cast removal. So this study wanted to see if any five-day combination of pulsed magnet therapy and icing could relieve pain and swelling and help move the wrist.
A total of 83 patients who had their casts removed after 6 weeks were divided into four groups. One group applied ice while undergoing pulsed magnet therapy. In contrast, the second group did apply ice, but in combination with sham pulsed magnetotherapy. The third group received only pulsed magnetotherapy and the fourth group received only sham pulsed magnetotherapy. The results were recorded after 1, 3 and 5 days and compared with the records from the initial examination.
Based on the final evaluation, low-frequency pulsed magnetotherapy showed significant analgesic and healing effects compared to the control groups. After three days, both pulsed magnetotherapy combined with icing and pulsed magnetotherapy alone reduced pain and swelling by more than 15%. After five days of treatment, it was already 40% for pulsed magnetotherapy combined with icing and 25% for pulsed magnetotherapy alone.
When the effects of low-frequency pulsed magnetic fields are added to the conventional treatment of forearm fractures, the treatment results are much better, as pulsed magnetotherapy further reduces pain and promotes healing of wrist fractures.
Source: Cheing, G. et al. (2005) Ice and pulsed electromagnetic field to reduce pain and swelling after distal radius fractures. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine (Taylor & Francis Ltd). 37 (6), 372-377.
Ice and pulsed electromagnetic field to reduce pain and swelling after distal radius fractures / Ice and pulsed electromagnetic field to reduce pain and swelling after distal radius fractures
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